Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s accomplices said an agreement between the United States and the Taliban should lead to a ceasefire and direct peace talks between the government and the insurgents. Ghani, who wants re-election in the September 28 presidential elections, said this week at a campaign rally in Kabul that his government was determined to hold the elections because only an elected government could represent Afghans in peace talks with the Taliban. However, the insurgents refuse to start talks with the Kabul government by unraveling them as American puppets and the result of the „foreign invasion” of Afghanistan. The intra-Afghan talks, if and when they begin, will include government officials among Afghan society delegates, but they will not participate as government officials, Mujahid said Saturday. „We are concerned about the ambiguity of the agreement and the weak information of the Afghan people about what has been agreed between the United States and the Taliban,” Humaira Saqib, a Kabul-based human rights activist, told DW. The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan. Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government.  In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process.    Karzai confirmed in June 2011 that secret talks had taken place between the United States and the Taliban, but these failed in August 2011.
 Further attempts to resume talks were cancelled in March 2012 and June 2013 following a dispute between the Afghan government and the Taliban over the opening of a political office in Qatar. President Karzai accused the Taliban of presenting themselves as a government in exile.  In January 2016, a quadrangle was held in Pakistan with representatives of the Afghan, Chinese and American governments, but the Taliban did not participate.  In 2016, the Taliban held informal discussions with the Afghan government.  After more than 18 years of war in Afghanistan, the United States and the Taliban have agreed on the most intense efforts to date by both sides to end the war. The agreement focuses on the significant withdrawal of U.S. troops and the Taliban`s assurances that the country will not become a safe haven for terrorists. A State Department official expressed admiration for the Taliban leadership`s concern for the release of their fighters and added, „The agreement explicitly states that those who will be released must make commitments, that they will not return to the battlefield and that they will support the agreement.” On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the „Afghanistan Peace Agreement.”  The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.
 The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.  The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020.  All those involved in the talks recognized that they would be a challenge – there are deep differences of opinion between the two sides and the conflict in Afghanistan continues. Talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban began on 12 September 2020 in Doha.